Difficult to sell bonds

Governments around the world into debt – and the financing through bonds is difficult. After Great Britain sitzenblieb paper, scraps of the central bank and government. Now come the U.S. with a new mission in the Great focus.
Given record emissions of government bonds this year, growing concern that the investors in the buyer strike, and governments on their papers remain seated. First signs of lack of demand already exists in the U.S. and Britain.

In the United States are the government bond rates have been declining six days. This is the longest period of loss within the past five months. On Thursday climbed the yield on ten-year Treasuries at 2.82 percent. In December, she had yet to 2.04 percent. And yield rates move in opposite directions.

After Washington on Wednesday for the issuance of five-year bonds with a volume of 34 billion dollars a significantly higher rate of return had to be granted, as had been originally expected, is also on Thursday for the upcoming issuance of $ 24 billion in seven-year securities with higher expected impacts . “The offer downright flooded the market,” said Satoshi Okumoto, general manager at Japanese life insurers Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance. “The returns have to climb significantly.” Fukoku sees the U.S. at year-end yields at 3.5 percent.

Britain fails with Applies Auction
Britain is facing similar challenges. On Wednesday the British government was the first time in seven years, not enough buyers for their bonds. Obviously, the demand for an auction of 1.75 billion pounds (1.9 billion euros) of a 30-year bonds (Is) are not sufficient. Investors showed interest only loans with a value of 1.63 billion pounds.

The prices of Gilts fell out dramatically, and the yield jumped upward force – but only temporarily. At the end of ten-year Gilts yield good five basis points lower than the previous day at 3.28 percent. The pound lost until the evening almost 1.5 percent to the euro. “On the bond market is growing fear about the high debt-recording of the Kingdom,” said Steven Major, head of pensions analyst at HSBC.

The developments are a worldwide phenomenon: For short-term bank rescue packages and plans take over the government bond market debt. But the record bid must first be digested. Suffer even Germany, where this year, two auctions were not covered. The Federal Republic in the spring alone wants 96 billion euros of new papers on the market. That’s 23 billion euros more than in late 2008 advised.

The United States depends on the stalactite while the Chinese and Japanese, to the targeted deficit of 1750 billion dollars in 2009 to finance them. The two Asian countries hold $ 740 billion or $ 634 billion in U.S. government bonds, and both have to fight collapsing exports.

Not least, they look worried at the rapid monetary expansion in the U.S., the value of the dollar – and thus their bond holdings – could. The critical voices from the People’s Republic are piling up already. A bank representative called for a new reserve currency, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao warned the U.S. to budgetary. In other words, the combination of record supply, economic crisis and large monetary expansion could lead to the borrowing of Americans do not succeed or more costly than thought.

Even between the governments and central banks gnashes it now and then. The mood in Britain is up. Robert Stheeman, head of the UK Debt Management Office, for the borrowing country is responsible, publicly criticized the central bank and its governor Mervyn King: Stheeman that reduces the purchase of government bonds by the Bank of England (BoE), the yield – and hence of the Attraktvität Gilts as an asset class. The BoE had announced that 75 billion pounds of government bonds aufzukaufen. This was followed by the U.S. Federal Reserve Federal Reserve, the $ 300 billion in Treasuries would like to acquire.

Actually, both work hand in hand. Example, United States: With its purchase program, the Fed wants to placate investors who fear that the U.S. government this year, fewer buyers for government bonds could find.

According to estimates by several economists Washington this year brings good $ 2500 billion in new securities onto the market. With the purchase of $ 300 billion of government bonds the Fed would be a good third of the expected issuance volume in the next six months, take over. In this week the government plans, 98 billion dollars in bonds on the market. On Wednesday, the Fed with $ 7.5 billion for government bonds to be purchased, which will run seven to ten years. Overall, however, had their papers for $ 21.9 billion has been offered – well three times as much as they bought.

The purchasing program of the central banks could also have a catch: Because artificially low profits to keep private investors at auctions may be back – are therefore of the public side of the market. That is the concern of Britain’s debt manager Stheeman: “Yields went back last. And why? This is partly due to the fact that the BoE announced its acquisitions.” The issue volume amounts to Britain this year, 146.4 billion pounds.

Market participants see the same conflict: “For Gilts are currently only one buyer. And his name is Mervyn King,” says John Anderson, asset managers in Rendsburg Fund Management. “The Government should consider: Will it buy bonds or bonds sell? Both are a little difficult.”

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